Friday, August 23, 2019

5 Ways to Keep Your Eyes Healthy

Spectr News Theme Isny Dewi R.
19, March 2018

When we talk about general health, we often don't consider our eyes. Until there's a problem. It's common for individuals to encounter eye issues later in life, but taking the right precautions when you're young can decrease your risk of developing eye issues as you age.

Quoted from Byrdie, a retina fellow at UCLA provided the five most important measures 20- and 30-somethings can take to improve their chances of maintaining healthy eyes.

1. Remember UV Protection
We've all been schooled on the importance of wearing sunscreen, but we don't always think of sunglasses when we're out in the sun.

UV light has been shown to lead to earlier development of cataracts. However, there seems to be growing evidence that having some direct exposure to sunlight without sunglasses can reduce your lifetime risk of developing near-sightedness, especially if that exposure comes during childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood—before age 29.

It is a great idea to spend more time outdoors and you should probably take off the sunglasses at least part of the time.

2. If You See Something, Say Something
As a final healthy habit to adopt to keep your eye health in check, keeping aware of any changes in vision.

If you notice any of the following signs and symptoms, consult your ophthalmologist immediately. First is floaters, you may notice when you look at a bright light source like a screen or the sky, you see floating black dots or spider webs. These are called vitreous floaters and they are related to structural changes in the vitreous, the jelly in the middle of the eye, which is very common.

However, if you notice the sudden onset of multiple flashes of light, floaters, or the sensation of a curtain or a veil falling over your vision, these are symptoms for which you should get an ophthalmological exam immediately, as it may indicate an impending retinal detachment.

3. Avoid Smoking
As if you needed another reason to quit smoking, your eye health is a factor that's often overlooked.

You should know that smoking can also increase the rate of progression of cataract as well as age-related macular degeneration.

4. Reduce Screen Time
One of the most common habits messing with our eye health is we spend too much time in front of digital screens. Whether for work or leisure, staring at computer, phone, or tablet screens all day has negative effects for our eyes both in the short- and long-term.

The effect of light on eye health has been extensively studied and, in some ways, its effects are not well understood. However, there is clear evidence that excessive blue light causes retinal damage and can accelerate the development of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Blue light from LEDs has also been implicated in disrupting circadian rhythm, so it might be worthwhile to avoid screen time before bed.

5. Commit to a Healthy Life
As with everything health-related, diet plays a huge role in keeping things running in tip-top shape. Try diet that's high in antioxidants and vitamins A, C, and E. People who eat a lot of leafy greens also tend to have a reduced risk of age-related macular degeneration.

Isny Dewi R.
Isny Dewi R.