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FYI

All You Need to Know about the National Flag of Indonesia

By Isny Dewi R

13 August 2020

The rules regarding the Red and White flag are contained in Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Bendera, Bahasa, dan Lambang Negara, serta Lagu Kebangsaan.

Photo source: Pexels
 
 
Every time before the independence day of the Republic of Indonesia, on 17 August, people usually put up the Red and White flag whether in their homes, buildings or along the streets. During August, the Red and White flag is always flown as a symbol of celebrating Indonesia's independence, which has been fought for by our heroes. However, is it a mandatory? Why are the red and white flags different in size? Here are the explanation.
 
Launching Kompas.com, the rules regarding the Red and White flag are contained in Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Bendera, Bahasa, dan Lambang Negara, serta Lagu Kebangsaan.
 
The size of the red and white flag is a rectangle with a width to length ratio of 2: 3. Although the sizes vary, however, the comparison remains the same. However, for some places, the size of the Red and White flag has been adjusted. Here are the details:
 
  • State Palace: 200cm x 300cm
  • Public field: 120cm x 180cm
  • Indoors: 100cm x 150cm
  • President and vice president's cars: 36cm x 54cm
  • State official cars: 30cm x 45cm
  • Public transportation: 20cm x 30cm
  • Ship: 100cm x 150cm
  • Train: 100cm x 150cm
  • Airplane: 30cm x 45cm
  • Table: 10cm x 45 cm
 
The material for making the Red and White flag for the above locations must use a non-fading fabric. However, for the Red and White flag to be installed in other locations, it is allowed to make different materials and sizes that can be adjusted. For example, the small flag that children usually hold when welcoming guests of state officials or carnivals. The flag can be made of plastic material.
 
For flag raising or installation, this activity is carried out between the time of sunrise and sunset, although in certain situations it is permissible to fly the Red and White flag at night.
 
There are several conditions or when the Red and White flag must be raised, both by Indonesians, all people living in Indonesia, and Indonesian Embassies in various parts of the world. For example, when commemorating Indonesia's Independence Day, National big days, or other anniversaries.
 
Because it is obliged, what if there are people who cannot afford the flag? It is the government's obligation to provide the Red and White flag. In addition, the Red and White flag must also be installed on trains used by the president or vice president, on ships and airplanes registered in Indonesia.
 
When juxtaposed with the flags of other countries (flying in Indonesia), the Red and White flag must be on the right side with the same size and height. However, if more than one foreign flag is aligned, the Red and White flag must be in the center (if the total number of flags is odd), or in the center of the right (if the number of flags is even). Then, if the Red and White flag is raised along with the flags of the organization, it has to be bigger in size and be installed higher.
 
The Red and White flag can also be used as a sign of peace when there is a horizontal conflict, a sign of mourning, and for closing the coffins of certain people who are considered important and have contributed to the country.
 
When it is used to express mourning, the flag will be flown at half mast, not reaching the top. Even though it is only half mast, it turns out that there are hoisting rules that must be obeyed. First, the Red and White flag must be raised up to the top of the pole, then it should be silenced for a moment, then lowered slowly to half the pole. The half-mast flag is raised for 3 days, from the day of mourning begin. Usually this is done when a leader or former leader of our country dies.
 
The Red and White flag is a symbol of honor for Indonesia. Therefore, everything is regulated in law so that all people maintain their authority and respect. Everyone is prohibited from damaging, tearing, stepping on, burning, or doing any other act that are intended to tarnish, insult, or degrading the honor of the National Flag of Indonesia.
 
The Red and White Flag is also not permitted to be used as advertisements or commercial advertisements. Also, keep in mind, the Red and White flag should not be raised if the condition is damaged, torn, faded, wrinkled, or dull. On the surface of the Red and White flag, it is also prohibited to print, embroider and write anything or put up badges and any objects. The Red and White flag should not be used as a tool that can lower its honor as the National Flag. For example, covering the ceiling, roof, or wrapping something.

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