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How to Do a Breast Self-Exam

By Isny Dewi R

14 September 2020

Detect breast cancer symptoms as early as possible by doing BSE (Breast Self-Exam).

Photo source: Pixabay
 
 
Launching Kompas.com, according to Surgeon Specialist at Brayat Minulya Hospital Surakarta, dr. Yudit Anastasia Sari, M. Biomed, Sp.B, breast cancer is a deadly disease. Breast cancer itself is a condition in which cancer cells form in the breast tissue, which can originate from the epithelium of the ducts or lobules.
 
Based on developing research, breast cancer is second to lung cancer as a cause of cancer death in women. "Unfortunately, 80 percent of cancer cases in Indonesia are found at an advanced stage, making it even more difficult to treat," said dr. Yudit, Tuesday (1/9/2020), quoted from Kompas.com.
 
Therefore, it is important to detect breast cancer symptoms as early as possible. You can do this by doing BSE (Breast Self-Exam). Here's how to detect breast cancer with BSE, reported by Kompas.com:
 
  1. Stand in Front of a Mirror, Raising Hands
Make sure that your scrub shoulders are even. If so, place your hands on your waist. Pay attention to both breasts, whether symmetrical or not, for changes in shape or color, swelling and / or changes in the nipples. Other disorders include lumps, wrinkles, abnormal position of the nipples, skin structure, or redness.
 
  1. Raise Your Arms Behind Your Head and Push Your Elbows Forward
This is done to see if there are any abnormalities in the breast. In normal breasts, both will be lifted at the same time.
 
  1. Gently Press the Surface of the Breast Using Your Fingertips
Feel if there is a lump or not. Feel each breast surface in several patterns, such as circular, right to left, top to bottom, middle to side, to your armpit.
 
  1. Gently Squeeze Your Nipples
Pay attention to whether there is discharge or not. In the breast that is not normal, it will discharge white, yellow, or blood.
 
  1. Bend Over and Look in the Mirror
Observe and feel for whether there are certain changes in the breast or not.
 
  1. Check Breasts in a Lying State
Give pads on the side of the breast to be examined. Put your hands behind your head. Then, use your fingertips to examine it.
 
"Broadly speaking, if you find lumps, changes in skin color or texture, and discharge from the nipples when doing BSE, immediately consult to a doctor," suggested dr. Judit.
 
She also added, BSE should be done every month starting at the age of 20 years. In women, this method can be done 7-10 days after the first day of menstruation. In addition, for women aged 20-30 years, it is also important to have breast exam to a doctor every 3 years. Meanwhile, for women who have reached the age of 40 years, clinical examination can be done every year.
 
"For women over 40 years, an initial mammography examination and / or ultrasound once and then every year is highly recommended for breast cancer detection," said dr. Judit. Meanwhile, in women over 40 years with family history of breast cancer and high risk factors, screening can be started early.

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