Since last December 2019 to January 2020, Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from Wuhan, China has sparked bigger fire. This new virus causing pneumonia, a condition where patient has lung infection lead to death.
Dozens of countries in Asia-Pacific, Middle East, Europe and North America have confirmed new cases of coronaviruses. Coronavirus is not the only one virus which has sparked bigger fire in the world, here are some top diseases outbreaks beside coronaviruses.
SARS of severe acute respiratory syndrome is a virus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome. The first case was recorded in Guangdong, China in November 2002. This flu-like disease infected more than 8,000 people in more than 20 countries such as China itself, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore and Canada. SARS was killed at least 774 people around the world.
2. Avian Influenza (AI)
This epidemic has sparked big fire in Indonesia in 2003 caused by H5N1 virus. Avian Influenza (AI) or bird flu made Indonesia became one of center of zoonotic diseases in Asia. This H5N1 virus capable to change into number of new virus subtypes which mutating quickly and infect other species even human.
In 2003, Avian Influenza (AI) caused 10 million chicken died in mostly East Java and several other areas in Indonesia. Most Avian Inflienza (AI) viruses do not infect human, but certain strains can be transmitted to human through direct or indirect contact with infected live chickens or dead ones. In November 2013, Ministry of Health said 163 people died from Avian Influenza (AI) virus.
3. African Swine Fever
African Swine Fever (ASF) spread through virus which attached and transmitted from one pig to other pigs, both breeder and wild ones. This virus which spread out in Indonesia at the end of 2019 did not attack human (body) directly but transmitted while someone has contact with infected pigs. The ASF virus reacted quickly and killed pigs up to 100% of chances. In the same year, several Asia countries and United States adopted mandatory regulations to use face masks to cover noses and mouths as well as banning pork imports available.
By Isny Dewi R | 08 July 2020
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